Peace, Refugee Stories, Social Issues

People are not plants! Why do people move? Let “humanitas” speak!

By Rev. Paul Lansu

In recent months and years, boat people have arrived at different tourist beaches in Méditerranée countries.[1] In many cases, tourists have been helping these people coming bringing them on land. In other cases, tourists have been upset because of the landing of death bodies, Libyan migrants for instance, in the backyard or on the beach of their hotel. Tourists asked as soon as possible for another hotel where they were not confronted with the migrant problem and to continue their vacation free of worries. This is about human dramas and dilemmas and the world turns its back on evading confrontation. Let the others solve it!

There is at least a group of people who are indignant and want to help refugees in concrete terms as much as possible. Nowadays, people are being blamed for saving migrants’ lives and providing the humanitarian assistance, which EU Member States are unwilling or unable to provide according to international law and EU law.

These humanitarian activists are very often strongly opposed by, among others, different governments and political leaders of the European Union, such as Italy. It has gone so far and it has come so far that aid workers are being punished. The targets include volunteers, peace and human rights activists, NGO’s, lawyers, crewmembers of rescue ships, migrants’ family members, and journalists, mayors and priests. Solidarity has been and is criminalised by the EU countries. The number of facts of people who have criminalised for humanitarian activities has grown rapidly since 2015. Is this the new normal?

Fear of migrants sells. The anti-immigrant discourse in Europe and elsewhere as in the USA is very high today. Fear of immigrants earns politicians votes. Immigrants will keep coming.

Helping people both legally and morally turns out to be a crime. It seems anti-migration and criminalisation is becoming a normal practice. In this way, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights[2] is totally eroded and made unbelievable. However, that means that the standard reduction has increased dramatically in recent years and that care for other people is no longer important. It is a burden!

Are migrants no human beings? Are not all men created as equals? So human dignity is at stake. The European Economic and Social Committee stated that solidarity is not and will never be a crime.[3] In addition, Caritas Europe issued a statement against the criminalisation of solidarity as a threat to our democracies.[4]

It is not just about migrants

The World Day of Migrants and Refugees will be held on Sunday 29 September 2019 on the theme “It is not just about migrants.” In the message of his Holiness Pope Francis for the 105th World Day of Migrants and Refugees,[5] Pope Francis highlights his repeated and explicit calls of concern for migrants and refugees should be understood as being integral to his deep concern for all of humanity.

His message aims to convey to us how deeply involved  ‘’as Christian communities and societies we are and that we are all called to respond and to reflect how our faith and commitments are engaged in responding to vulnerable people on the move.”

In an increasingly globalised world, where migrants, refugees, displaced persons and victims of trafficking have become emblems of exclusion, Pope Francis reminds us that each encounter with the other, is an encounter with Christ and in extending the hand of love, friendship, assistance and support to the most vulnerable, we are extending our hands to Christ and open our hearts for the Other(s).

The heart should have no borders

On 26 June 2019, Pax Christi International awarded its annual peace prize to European Lawyers in Lesvos (ELIL),[6] Greece. ELIL is one of the few organizations that provide legal assistance to refugees and asylum seekers on the Greek island of Lesbos, where refugees flock en route to Europe. Since the founding of ELIL in 2016, around 150 lawyers from 17 countries have provided free legal aid to more than 9,000 asylum seekers, mainly from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.

ELIL is grateful that their work to uphold the rule of law, to protect human rights and to ensure substantial access to legal aid for refugees in Lesbos is recognized in this way. It is hoped it will help raise awareness of the elementary importance of ensuring that legal assistance for refugees throughout their asylum procedure.  The work of ELIL is very relevant and critical activism for peace and justice.

The Pax Christi International Peace Prize awarded to ELIL is a meaningful and political statement. Especially, because the political debate in Europe is deeply polarised and is in many ways demonizing migrants, asylum seekers and refugees. This completely conflicts with the vision of a Europe that should respect human dignity and fundamental rights.

In his speech at the award ceremony, the outgoing co-president of Pax Christi International, Bishop Kevin Dowling, stressed the importance of human dignity and of solidarity, which are common threads in Catholic Social Thinking. Refugees and migrants are primarily people and should be treated as people. A constant lowering of norms and values is breaking through in our democracies. Let “humanitas” speak!

People are not plants!

Why are people on the move? First, people are not plants! Migration is a constant in human history. Our planet has become a world in motion. Between 1960 and 2017, the overall numbers of migrants tripled. Today, 3 à 4 per cent of the world population, or one out of every twenty-nine humans, lives in a country different from the one they were born in. Mass migration has become the defining human phenomenon of the twenty-first century.

Today, according to UNHCR there are at least 70.4 million forcibly displaced people worldwide,[7] both within a country (IDPs) as well as abroad. Never before has there been so much human movement. In addition, never before has there been so much organised resistance to human movement. One effect of this is the withdrawal of countries from multilateral institutions and treaties.

Walls, fences or barriers will do nothing to stop people on the move. Not at the Mexican & USA border, not anywhere else. They will keep coming, on foot or in boats, by digging tunnels, on planes or on bicycles, whether you want them or not. Drive is a human element. Nevertheless, open borders is not an option in principle. However, at least people should keep their hearts open.

It is very important to listen with an open heart to the stories of refugees. What they have experienced and what difficulties they are in. In most cases, migrants have left a love behind, sometimes their whole family. Many of the refugees have taken big risks and travelled in dangerous situations. Their only option is to leave from a country of misery toward a better and promised country. Is it because our globe already has many inhabitants that we are denying migrants to look for a better life?

Consequences of colonialism

The many conflicts and wars of the last centuries have caused a lot of migration. People do not want to be involved in armed conflicts. They seek protection for themselves and their families, preferably in their own neighbourhood, or if necessary further away.

A deeper reason is to be find in colonialism, which began with a huge migration, when millions of Europeans moved overseas to invade, settle and rule other countries and even over other continents. That resulted in huge displacement of locals and in worldwide slavery. Slavery was abolished in the last century. However, in some countries slavery existed until a few decades ago.

Many of the issues that make people emigrate are home-grown: corruption, malfeasance and mismanagement by local rulers, and inherent societal issues that preceded colonialism, such as the treatment of women. Western values have been imposed on other civilisations, which contrasted with the individuality and the character of the local population.

All around the world, civil upheaval causes people to flee, and many conflicts have been ongoing for years or decades. There are the wars that everybody knows about, such as in Afghanistan, Yemen and Syria; then there are the little-known ones, such as the Moro Muslim conflict in the Philippines,[8] which has cost a cumulative 120.000 lives, and the Ituri conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo,[9] which has taken over 60.000. Many of these conflicts have their origin in colonialism or botched colonial population transfer or map making. One of the latest dramatic examples is the 2015 Rohingya crisis in Myanmar.[10] Almost a million of them have fled over the border to Bangladesh.

Small arms

War creates refugees. The purchase and sale of small arms is another cause of people on the run. Just as the sale of small arms fuels domestic strife and spurs migration, the sale of heavy weapons is instrumental in creating conflict between nations. To date, 130 countries have signed the 2014 United Nations Arms Trade Treaty,[11] the only serious effort to stem the trade in conventional arms around the world.

Climate change

Climate migration is not new. In the twenty-first century, the number one driver of migration might be climate change. According to the UN, a fifth of the world’s population will be affected by floods by 2050. Therefore, many of them will move to dry land. According to the International Organisation for Migration,[12] at least 200 million people will be displaced by climate change by 2050. The figure could be as high as one billion, which would be one out of every ten people. That means that in some parts of the world, national borders will become irrelevant.

You can set up a wall to try to contain 10.000, 20.000, and one million people, but not 10 million. Migration by climate change has been dramatically increasing in the recent past. Since 1992, droughts, floods and storms have affected 4.2 billion people. Today, 1.8 billion people are suffering the effects of drought, land degradation and desertification. According to the UN high commissioner for refugees, since 2008, 22.5 million people have had to flee their homes because of climate-related extreme weathers events, like hurricanes or droughts. Climate change affects everyday life.

In conclusion

This debate requires individual and common solidarity. Solidarity is one of our norms and values. Solidarity will first be structural, organized solidarity. It is painful to see that most governments remain stuck under the .7 % of the development cooperation budget. The same governments argue for the elimination of the causes of migration but do little or nothing specifically about it. You cannot maintain double and contradictory rhetoric.

Today, and since the 1980s, solidarity is not a buzzword. It remains in full completion. Trends within political groups push solidarity towards the private sphere. It is not always certain that the necessary involvement with other people will continue to exist. Charity is good and it is good for interpersonal relationships. It is also necessary, but rather temporary, fragmentary. If solidarity dies, it harms the citizen.

From a justice perspective, we know that you should always look at a social system from the point of view of the least-favoured, in this case the people on the move. So from the bottom up. Never from the top down. The ratio essendi, the ground of our being, the ground of existence of each of us is being human, unique and irreplaceable. Everyone must be given a fundamental equality. Why not?

____________

[1] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KK-0DbOG3zk
[2] https://www.ohchr.org/EN/UDHR/Documents/UDHR_Translations/eng.pdf
[3] https://www.eesc.europa.eu/en/news-media/news/statement-criminalisation-solidarity
[4] https://www.caritasinternational.be/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/190617_Caritas_Europa_criminalisation_solidarity_FINAL.pdf?x67227
[5] https://www.vaticannews.va/en/pope/news/2019-05/pope-francis-message-world-day-migrants-refugees-full-text.html
[6] https://www.paxchristi.net/news/pax-christi-international-recognises-european-lawyers-lesvos-recipient-2019-peace-prize/7296
[7] https://www.unhcr.org/figures-at-a-glance.html
[8] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moro_conflict
[9] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ituri_conflict
[10] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Rohingya_refugee_crisis
[11] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_Trade_Treaty
[12] https://www.iom.int/migration-and-climate-change-0
Social Issues

Les allié.e.s de la lutte antiraciste: Partie 2

par Betel Mabille, BePax

La première partie de cette analyse (disponible également sur ce site) faisait le point sur la question des allié.e.s blanc.he.s dans les luttes antiracistes notamment via le volet du militantisme. Mais la question des allié.e.s se trouve également à d’autres niveaux. La suite de cette analyse propose d’aborder la question des allié.e.s travaillant dans les associations de lutte contre le racisme.

Travailler dans une association de lutte contre le racisme en tant que blanc.he est un statut particulier qui touche à plusieurs questions dont celles de la rémunération mais également de la légitimité. S’il est évidemment possible d’être blanc.he.s et de travailler dans une association de lutte contre le racisme, il est également important de connaître sa position, ses privilèges et comment s’en servir pour faire avancer la cause.

En Belgique francophone, comme en France, ce sont les associations de lutte contre le racisme composées en majorité de personnes blanches qui obtiennent des financements. C’est un fait. Avec de l’argent, il est plus facilement possible de dégager du temps et des ressources matérielles.

Ce que ces associations n’ont pas, c’est le vécu. Elles ont la théorie et les livres écrits sur le racisme mais elles n’ont pas le vécu quotidien et systématique du racisme. Parfois elles n’ont même pas conscience de leur propre racisme et de la perpétuation de celui-ci[1]. Elles n’ont pas la motivation de changer le monde provenant de leur propre survie. Il s’agit d’un travail. Il est évidemment possible d’être passionné.e et motivé.e par son travail mais les personnes racisées quand elles luttent contre le racisme, elles luttent pour leur vie et leur survie. Des gens meurent du racisme, ce n’est pas un sujet anodin…

Lisez le reste de l’article en cliquant ici.

Social Issues

Les allié.e.s de la lutte antiraciste: Partie 1

par Betel Mabille, BePax

Le lundi 13 mai 2019, l’humoriste Fary a entamé son discours lors de la cérémonie des Molière par « Salut, les blancs ». Les réactions dans le public étaient divisées. D’un côté, certain.e.s blanc.he.s riaient, de l’autre certain.e.s semblaient surpris.e.s. Il est en effet rare qu’une personne s’adresse directement au groupe social « blanc » les renvoyant ainsi à leur position dans le système et ici, dans leur rôle lors de la cérémonie des Molière. C’est pourtant ce que cette analyse va faire en expliquant la manière dont les personnes blanches peuvent lutter contre le racisme, notamment grâce à leur place « d’allié.e.s ».

Comment militer contre le racisme lorsque l’on n’est pas concerné.e ? Comment lutter contre le racisme lors que l’on est blanc.he ? Ces questions semblent superficielles et pourtant, les personnes blanches ont un rôle à jouer dans la lutte contre le racisme. Mais ce rôle est délicat et nécessite chez elles une grande remise en question qui peut parfois être douloureuse.

1.       Qu’est-ce qu’un.e allié.e ?

Dans le monde militant, une personne alliée est une personne qui ne subit pas une oppression mais qui va s’associer aux personnes qui en sont victimes pour combattre ensemble le système. Cette définition est la définition classique de « l’allié.e » et recouvre ainsi tous les domaines de lutte et militants qui existent. Que cette lutte soit contre le racisme, le sexisme, l’homophobie, la transphobie ou autre, la personne alliée est celle qui ne vit pas les discriminations mais qui en a conscience et souhaite mettre des choses en place pour les combattre.

Le concept d’allié.e est dès lors à associer à la question des privilèges. Une personne ayant des privilèges dans un domaine en particulier (la classe, la race, le genre, etc.) pourrait accompagner, être allié.e, des personnes qui, à l’inverse, subissent un système mis en place pour les maintenir en bas de l’échelle sociale…

Lisez le reste de l’article en cliquant ici.

Peace, Refugee Stories, Social Issues

Belgian “sorry” is not enough for the Congolese

By Nadia Nsayi
Pax Christi Flanders

In an interim report calls a working group of the UN around people of African descent in Belgium the Belgian State on to to express apologies for the atrocities committed during the colonization. Policy Officer Nadia Nsayi goes into a title expands on the content of the report.

This week a working group of the United Nations shared a preliminary report and recommendations on the human rights situation of people of African descent in Belgium (Afro-Belgians). The findings of the group confirm what we already read in previous studies such as the study of the King Baudouin Foundation from 2017: structural racism and discrimination prevent full participation of African Belgians in our society. The report shows what opinion makers have said for quite a while: there is a link between Belgium’s colonial past in Africa and the contemporary racism against people of African descent in Belgium.

The Belgian colonialism in Congo was a cocktail of imperialism–the urge for overseas territories to dominate–and capitalism—the profitable exploitation of raw materials and local forced labourers. This economic project was promoted as a ‘humanitarian mission’ of civilization that was based on a racist ideology of white superiority and black inferiority. The suppression of the Congolese lasted 75 years. The legacy of that colonization is still visible today, but also felt by surviving relatives.

Colonial life ideas and complexes. According to studies, Afro-Belgians, the largest group coming from the ex-colony Congo, face structural discrimination in education, in the labour market and on the rental market. This does not mean that all white Belgians are racists, or that all Afro-Belgians have no chance. But it expresses the fact that people in our country with black skin too often face unequal opportunities compared to their white fellow human beings. This is not acceptable.

I find it distressing to see that racism and discrimination continue to ruin our society. Since the visit of the UN group in 2005, there are fortunately also steps which have been put forward, though those are too small. However, I am hopeful. Local politicians and ordinary citizens take joint initiatives to look at our colonial past straight in the eye. They choose together a future with more mutual understanding and respect…

Read more by clicking here.

Peace, Social Issues

Racism and international relations

by Benjamin Peltier
BePax

The angle with which racism is approached is always that of discrimination in our societies. Yet racism as a (often unconscious) thought system impacts our reading of reality in many other areas.

This analysis will try to explain how racist representations here in the West impact the reading of the world and the conflicts that cross it. This could have been tackled from several types of racism: how, for example, anti-Black racism makes us relatively insensitive to the incredible violence that has been agitating eastern Congo for years. But this analysis will focus instead on the consequences of our Islamophobia in our apprehension of certain conflicts and reading international issues.

In mid-August, the UN released a report claiming that the People’s Republic of China detained more than one million Uighurs in detention in “re-education” camps [1] . This imprisonment in the absence of any charge is part of a “counter-terrorism” action of China. Uyghurs are a Muslim minority in western China. Their desire for autonomy has always made it a target of repression for Beijing. That this mass imprisonment during which they / they suffer blows, violence and torture, does not arouse any reaction in Europe is at least challenging. This event is unparalleled in the world and in recent history.

At the same time, the UN always used the frigging term “genocide” [2] to evoke the actions of Burmese power vis-à-vis its Muslim minority, the Rohingya. This Muslim minority in Burma is subjected to systematic violence by the military regime: 700,000 Rohingya [3] were expelled abroad while another 10,000 were massacred. Their villages and fields were destroyed and the return was forbidden. Again this was done in a relative inaction of Westerners and their public opinion…

Read this entire article on BePax’s website in French.