Our Stories

OUR STORY: Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace of Pakistan

This is the second installment of a regular feature on the Peace Stories blog featuring the stories of our 120 member organisations on five continents around the world. For February 2017, we’re getting to know the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace, our member organisation in Pakistan. This interview was conducted by Marie Just, Pax Christi International communications intern, with Cecil Chaudhry. Mr. Chaudhry is the Executive Director of the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace.

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Marie Just: When and how did CCJP start? Was there some particular event or issue that served to bring CCJP into being?

peaceaward2016Cecil Chaudhry: CCJP was formed in 1985. This was one year after the then-Government of Pakistan had introduced the blasphemy laws and its severe penalties. In my view, the Commission as envisioned by the founder, the late Dr. John Joseph, Bishop of Faisalabad, was formed as he saw because these laws would give rise to many issues in the future toward the religious minorities. Thus CCJP started on work to address the issues of discrimination which had started in the 1980s.

MJ: What is the structure and who are the people involved in CCJP?

CC: CCJP is governed by the Pakistan Catholic Bishops’ Conference. It is comprised of the Chairperson, His Excellency, Dr. Joseph Arshad, Bishop of Faisalabad. Under the Chair is an Executive Board followed by the National Director, Fr. Emmanuel Yousaf (Mani), and then the Executive Director (Myself). CCJP has a National Office in Lahore and 7 diocesan offices in each of the Catholic dioceses of Pakistan. Each project or programme initiating from the national office has a programme coordinator who is assisted by a programme organiser. The diocesan offices are headed by a diocesan director (priest/clergy-person) along with one diocesan coordinator and field staff officer at each diocesan office. Furthermore CCJP engages with and relies on information from 300+ activists across Pakistan that get regular training from CCJP on “Human Rights and Reporting”.

MJ: What are the current issues you are working on, or what are your major priorities?

CC: Currently CCJP focuses on three thematic areas:

  • Discriminatory Laws (Blasphemy Laws and Other)
  • Biased Education Curriculum and Policies
  • Freedom of Religion Or Belief (Personal Laws and Curbing Forced Conversion)

MJ: How is CCJP putting nonviolence into practice? What role does nonviolence play in your work?

CC: CCJP has always practised restraint and promotes a culture of peace which is also advocated in all its activities. Nonviolence plays an extremely important role in our work and approach. We realise that no problem can be solved without peace and a mutual dialogue. That is why CCJP strongly opposes all such forms of violence whether in its work strategy or even through its staff members.

MJ: What is the greatest accomplishment of CCJP during your history?

CC: During my time here at CCJP, I think the greatest accomplishment was to see how we, through our efforts of advocacy, were able to reverse the decision of the government in posting a job advertisement that clearly discriminated towards the religious minority. While there have been many more important instances, however, the promptness of the response from the government in this regard was encouraging to see how our work is valued by the government too.

MJ: Is there any story about CCJP that stands out for you?

CC: There are many stories to share. However for me seeing the gradual change in the curriculum in order to promote a unbiased education system holds a special place in my heart. Probably because I also have studied such biased material in my school days thus now that I am a father this issue and the success however small it may be is very important and dear to me. It was a joy to see that after 20+ years the government has finally brought back chapters on the role of religious minorities into the School textbooks, something that’d been removed in the 1980s and 90s.

Our Stories

OUR STORY: Pax Christi Pilipinas

This is the first installment of a regular feature on the Peace Stories blog featuring the stories of our 120 member organisations on five continents around the world. For November 2016, we’re getting to know Pax Christi Pilipinas. This interview was conducted by email with Jasmin Nario-Galace, President of Pax Christi Pilipinas. She is the Executive Director of the Center for Peace Education at Miriam College, Manila, Philippines, where she also teaches Peace Studies and Theory and Practice of Nonviolence at the Department of International Studies. She is both a peace educator and advocate.

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Q: When and how did Pax Christi in the Philippines start? Was there some particular event or issue that served to bring Pax Christi Philippines into being?

Fr. Niall O'Brien

Jasmin Nario-Galace (JNG): Mr. Simon Gregorio and Fr. Niall O’Brien (photo right) were the first coordinators of Pax Christi Pilipinas. In 1994, Fr. Paul Lansu (Senior Policy Advisor of Pax Christi International) visited the Philippines, specifically Manila, Cebu, Bacolod and Zamboanga. In 1995, Pax Christi Pilipinas was invited to the 50th anniversary celebration of Pax Christi in Assisi, and, in 1999, Pax Christi Pilipinas was made a full section of Pax Christi International.

In 2004, Pax Christi Pilipinas (PCP) and Pax Christi Germany started a Civil Peace Service Program based in Bacolod. Since then, PCP has organised workshops and conducted training on peace concepts and skills, nonviolence and reconciliation, among others, and we offer a graduate degree on Conflict and Reconciliation Studies. PCP has also served and took leadership roles in various peace and disarmament networks such as the Philippine Action Network on Small Arms (PhilANSA), Philippine Ecumenical Peace Platform (PEPP) and Philippine Misereor Partnership Incorporated (PMPI). We have led in doing action research such as the Peoples’ Consultation on the Arms Trade Treaty and Dialogue Mindanao. A regional peace-building program, the Visayas Peacebuilding Institute, was started in 2010 where courses for peace advocates such as peace education, peace journalism and conflict transformation and reconciliation were offered. We have developed modules on Catholic Social Teaching for trainings … Today, PCP continues to be active in supporting peace processes and global and national disarmament initiatives.

Q: What is the structure and who are the people involved in Pax Christi Pilipinas?

JNG: Pax Christi Pilipinas has sections present in Metro Manila, Cagayan de Oro, Negros, Zamboanga, Isabela, Samar, Tacloban, and Davao City.

Currently, there are active geographical areas (#1-5) and non-active areas (#6-10) of Pax Christi Pilipinas:

  1. Zamboanga and Basilan (Zabida; community and sector-based work)
  2. Davao City (CRS, MSPC Youth; community and youth-based work)
  3. Bacolod (including the Pax Christi Institute; community-based, school, youth and government-based work)
  4. Manila (Center for Peace Education, Pax Christi-Miriam College; school-based work)
  5. Negros (church, community and government-based work)
  6. Cagayan de Oro
  7. Samar
  8. Isabela
  9. Tacloban
  10. Cotabato

Q: What are the current issues you are working on, or what are your major priorities?

JNG: In the last PCP General Assembly at Miriam College in 2015, members agreed to focus our work on supporting the peace process between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, as well as the peace process between the government and the National Democratic Front, through active lobbying and campaigning for the adoption of the Bangsamoro Basic Law, among others. We also agreed to focus our efforts on disarmament work such as lobbying for laws that will help control the proliferation of small arms; campaigning for a treaty ban on nuclear weapons; as well as campaigning for the ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty.

Q: How is Pax Christi Pilipinas putting nonviolence into practice? What role does nonviolence play in your work?

Nonviolence is at the heart of the work of PCP. It is integrated in workshops as well as in academic courses that PCP members conduct. PCP members also participated in the Rome conference on Nonviolence and Just Peace (in April 2016). Those who attended are now part of the Education Committee where activities are organised and conducted to popularise the outcome statement.

PCP members’ support for peace processes and disarmament initiatives is a testament to our commitment to the method of nonviolence as a pathway to peace.

pilipinas2Q: What is the greatest accomplishment of Pax Christi Pilipinas during your history?

Since its birth in the early 1990s, PCP has helped in the promotion of peace, dialogue and reconciliation based on truth, justice and the common good. We have harnessed the strength of young people to work for peace, and we have organised key peace groups involved in peace issues both at the local and national levels. Specific objectives were also met throughout the years. These included the organising of peace groups, mainstreaming peace education, initiating national campaigns that have both direct and indirect impact on peace. Pax Christi Pilipinas has also significantly engaged with the Church in various peace-building initiatives such as interfaith dialogue, conflict transformation and reconciliation. We have also collaborated with local, national and international groups in relation to disarmament issues, among others.

Q: Is there any story about Pax Christi Pilipinas that stands out for you?

Pax Christi Pilipinas is very relevant in today’s time. With violence growing in the Philippines, we need more peace-builders who are bearers of peace rooted in the Catholic faith. It is important for us to serve the communities, to be the bridge toward greater interfaith understanding and to create pathways that will prevent extremism.

A story that stands out was the Elders Meeting in Davao in early 2016 where participants shared why they care about the network. It’s a beautiful story as the network had been sailing through rough times. Elders shared that the peace of Christ is very important alongside sharing the importance of secular peace; that they care because as Catholics, the work of Pax Christi is a calling of their faith and it is this faith that inspires them to work for justice, peace and reconciliation. The Elders shared their hope that Pax Christi Pilipinas continue to be a light in the midst of challenges in the peace and security situation in the Philippines and to shape the organisation to become a “home” to aspiring peace-builders.

The Elders also identified a set of values that they wish to have and carry as Catholic peace-builders and which should characterise their relationship with one another. The identified principles are:

  1. Respecting the dignity of each person
  2. Encouraging and building up each other
  3. Being patient with one another
  4. Accepting one another
  5. Being kind to each other
  6. Walking in the light to have fellowship with one another
  7. Speaking the truth in love
  8. Being humble toward one another
  9. Offering hospitality to one another
  10. Challenging one another for the better
  11. Giving and receiving constructive and transformative feedback
  12. Asking empowering questions
  13. Instructing one another
  14. Learning from one another
  15. Spurring one another on toward love, good deeds, and meaningful action
  16. Allowing a person to speak without fear
  17. Empowering each one through various affirmative ways

The identification and conscious application of the above principles distinguish PCP from other peace groups with whom we work.